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所在位置:湖南成考网 > 复习资料 > 高升专 > 2019年湖南成人高考高起专英语复习资料(八)

2019年湖南成人高考高起专英语复习资料(八)

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2019-09-21 08:45:47 来源:湖南成考网
作者:王老师
  (八)

  The private automobile has long played an important role in the United States .In fact ,it has become a(n) (1)and important part of the American way of life .In 1986 ,sixty-nine percent of American families owned at least one car and thirty one percent had (2) one .By giving workers rapid transportation ,the automobile has freed them from having to live near their workplace .This has encouraged the growth of the cities ,but it has also (3)traffic problems . For farm families the automobile is very helpful.It had made it (4) for them to travel to town very often for business and for pleasure ,and also to transport their children to distant schools .Family life has been (5) in various ways .The car helps to keep families together when it is used for picnics ,outings and other shared (6) .However ,when teenage children have the use of the car ,their parents cannot keep an eye on them .There is a great danger if the driver has been drinking alcohol or taking drugs ,or (7) by speeding or breaking down traffic laws .Mothers of victims of such accidents have formed a(n) organization called MADD(mothers against drinking driving).These mothers want to (8) further tragedies .They have worked to encourage the government to limit the youngest drinking age .students have formed a (9) organization ,SADD and MADD are spreading the same message among their friends . For many Americans the automobile is a necessity .But for (10),it is also a mark of social position and for young people ,a(n) sign of becoming an adult .Altogether ,cars mean very much to Americans. [共10题]

  (1)

  (A) necessary (B) interesting

  (C) wonderful (D) happy

  正确答案:A

  (2)

  (A) less than (B) rather than

  (C) more than (D) now that

  正确答案:C

  (3)

  (A) devoted (B) looked forward to

  (C) contribute (D) resultedto

  正确答案:C

  (4)

  (A) possible (B) important (C) necessary (D) true

  正确答案:A

  (5)

  (A) interesting (B) moved (C) enjoyed (D) affected

  正确答案:D

  (6)

  (A) improvement (B) confidence (C) experiences (D) feelings

  正确答案:C

  (7)

  (A) showing off (B) putting off

  (C) keeping off (D) setting off

  正确答案:A

  (8)

  (A) prevent (B) help (C) keep (D) protect

  正确答案:A

  (9)

  (A) similar (B) same (C) unusual (D) ordinary

  正确答案:A

  (10)

  (A) some (B) another (C) other (D) others

  正确答案:D

  Thanksgiving ┌───────────────────────────┐ │Pilgrim = one of the people who left England and │ │went to live in what is now the USA in the seventeenth│ │century │ └───────────────────────────┘ Thanksgiving is the most popular and most celebrated of all festivals in America. But what is the history of the Thanksgiving festival? Pilgrims who sailed to America in the early seventeenth century, and who celebrated the first ever Thanksgiving there, were trying to escape from being treated badly in their own country of England. They were Puritans who believed in a strict form of Christianity and were not allowed freedom to practise their faith. In September 1620, 102 of these men, women and children boarded a ship called the Mayflower and departed from England for the New World. The journey took 65 days and the Mayflower arrived at Plymouth Rock on December 11 th. The first winter in America was very harsh. It was extremely cold and the snow was heavier than usual, making it difficult for the Pilgrims to build shelters. By the time Spring came in March 1621, 46 of the original settlers had died. In the same month the Pilgrims were visited by a native American Indian called Squanto. He surprised the Pilgrims by speaking to them in English.Soon he had told the story of how he had been taken as a boy to Spain and England and that is where he had learned the language. Squanto was of great help to the Pilgrims. He taught them which plants gave food as well as which gave medicine; he taught them how to plant local crops.The harvest of 1621 was highly successful. The Pilgrims had plenty of food to last them through the winter. So the Pilgrim Governor, William Bradford, decided to have a party to celebrate the harvest. The Pilgrims, Squanto and 90 other Indians enjoyed a three-day Thanksgiving festival. They played games, sang songs and danced together. The following year the harvest was not so good and in their third year the summer sun was so hot that it seemed as 'though the crops would all die. Governor Bradford demanded the Pilgrims pray for rain. The very next day the rains came and so Bradford ordered another day of Thanksgiving and once again gave an invitation to the local Indians to join them. This day, November 29th,1623 is seen as the true start of the ( annual) Thanksgiving Day. The holiday is now celebrated across America on the fourth Thursday in November. [共10题]

  (1) Why did some of the Puritans want to leave England?

  (A) They were not allowed to practise their religion in England

  (B) They hope to get rich in the new world

  (C) They want to practise their religion in the new world

  (D) Both A and C

  正确答案:D

  (2) Why was the winter of1620 so difficult?

  (A) It was terribly cold

  (B) The snow was heavy

  (C) It was difficult to build shelters because of the bad weather

  (D) all the above

  正确答案:D

  (3) How was Squanto able to speak English?

  (A) A teacher taught him

  (B) He had been in England and learned some English there

  (C) we don’t know

  (D) He believed in God

  正确答案:B

  (4) Why was Squanto such a help to the pilgrims

  (A) He taught them which plants were useful

  (B) He taught them to sow crops

  (C) He taught them how to make fire

  (D) both A and B

  正确答案:C

  (5) Why did Governor Bradford order a party in 1621?

  (A) to celebrate the new year

  (B) to welcome the Pilgrimes

  (C) to celebtate the harvest

  (D) to enjoy himself

  正确答案:A

  (6) What was the reason for the second Thanksgiving celebration in 1623?

  (A) They were celebrating the rains coming which would save their crops and ensure they had enough food for winter

  (B) They celebrated it every year

  (C) They decided to have a big party to enjoy themselves

  (D) We don’t know

  正确答案:B

  (7) What do the number 102 in the text refer to?

  (A) The number of days it took to sail to America

  (B) The number of people who sailed on the Mayflowers

  (C) The number of people who died in the first winter

  (D) The number of Indians who celebrated the first Thanksgiving

  正确答案:A

  (8) The underlined word annual means

  (A) happening once a year

  (B) a person who lived in a place since he was born

  (C) religion

  (D) a party

  正确答案:A

  (9) Squanto was a

  (A) pilgrime

  (B) native merican Indian

  (C) govenor

  (D) chief

  正确答案:B

  (10) Thanksgiving Day is a holiday celebrated

  (A) across the USA

  (B) in the Europe

  (C) by the Indians

  (D) none above

  正确答案:A

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